Category Archives: Dog Anatomy

Hind limb lameness – immature Large breed dog

Approach to lameness Hip dysplasia Osteochondrosis (Patellar luxation) (Cranial cruciate ligament disease) Other causes –      Metaphyseal osteopathy –      Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism   Approach to the lame dog What are you trying to achieve? –      Why is the dog lame? Dx … Continue reading

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Canine Eye (fluid)

Function of eye = conversion of light energy to electrical energy and carried to brain by CN2 optic nerve. Eye is 3 layered wall which holds fluid and lens. The eye has 3 chambers = A. aqueous chamber (aqueous humor fluid), … Continue reading

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Canine tongue

Extends from oral cavity into oropharynx.  Muscular organ.  Covered with stratified squamous epithelium (heavier keratinized).  Covered with papillae types: 1. Filiform – soft protective.  Fungiform, foliate and vallate give taste in tongue.  Tip of tongue is apex and most caudal … Continue reading

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Topographical relationships of the canine heart

The coronary groove is external and about 1/3 down from greater vessel (division btw atria and ventricles).  Usually covered by fat and carries coronary vessels.  Auricles determine L from R and groves reflect internal septa.  Auricle surface is on the … Continue reading

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Canine Hindlimb

Contents 1 Pelvic Girdle and Hip 1.1 Bones 1.1.1 Canine Bone Specifics 1.2 Joints and Synovial Structures 1.2.1 Sacroiliac Joint 1.2.2 Coxafemoral/Hip Joint 2 Musculature 3 Proximal Hindlimb including Stifle and Tarsus 3.1 Bones 3.1.1 Canine Bone Specifics 4 Joints … Continue reading

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Canine Forelimb – Anatomy

Structures of the Proximal Forelimb and Shoulder Scapula The Scapula forms the basis of the shoulder region, providing points of attachment of extrinsic and intrinsic muscles. It is held in place by a synsarcosis of muscles and does not form … Continue reading

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Hindlimb Muscles

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